ROTOR RESONANCES ANALYSES OF HIGH-SPEED HIGH POWER PERMANENT-MAGNET ELECTRICAL MACHINES
High-speed electric machines (HSEMs) have been widely used in many of today’s applications. For high-speed machines, in particular, it is very important to accurately predict natural frequencies of the rotor at the design stage to minimize the likelihood of failure. The main goal of this study is examine the design issues and performance of high-speed machines. For permanent-magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) driven by high-frequency drives, the rotor speed is normally above 30 000 rpm and it may exceed 100 000 rpm. This study examined a 7-kw permanent magnet synchronous machine at 200,000 rpm. 3D finite element analysis (ANSYS WORKBENCH 15) was conducted to determine the natural frequencies and rotor patterns of a synchronous high-speed permanent magnetic motor, to assess the impact of leading design parameters, such as length, column diameter, span, bearings, material properties, and to compare the results of the finite element program with the results of analytical methods (i.e. critical speed).