DISTRIBUTION OF ABO AND RHESUS BLOOD GROUP PHENOTYPES AMONG BLOOD DONORS AT AL- QAEEM HOSPITAL IN THE WEST OF IRAQ
International Society of Blood Transfusion has recently recognized 33 blood group systems. Apart from ABO and Rhesus system, many other types of antigens have been noticed on the red cell membranes.
Hence, a proper understanding of the blood group system ABO, their clinical significance, typing and cross-matching tests and current perspective are of paramount importance to prevent transfusion-related complications. The study and knowledge of blood groups is necessary for the purpose of dealing with blood diseases, which are still in the research stage.
ABO blood group antigens are the most immunogenic followed by Rhesus (D antigen). The frequency distribution of blood groups are varies among different regions and races of the world. This study aims to identify the frequency distribution of ABO blood group and rhesus factors within males and females blood donors in Al- Qaeem City in the west of Iraq.
Rhesus blood group system (Rh) Blood can be either RhD positive or RhD negative. Total 565 samples , includes 300 male with 265 female were analyzed.