THEORETICAL ANALYSIS AND GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF THE SYSTEM CURVE FOR WATER PIPELINE CONNECTING ZAWIA DESALINATION PLANT WITH HARSHA TANKS
The flow of water within a pipeline system causes loss of energy due to friction effects. To overcome these losses, energy is added to the water through the pump. So, the right pump selection is important for providing the required flow rate. The first step to select a right pump for any pipeline system is calculating the performance curve of piping system, which is a graphical representation of the energy required to move a given flow rate through a piping system and is used to identify the characteristics of the system's pump. For this purpose, the system curve for the water pipeline connecting the main reservoirs of Zawia desalination plant to the sub-tanks in Harsha has been evaluated and represented graphically in H-Q curve of the selected pump. This water pipeline network consists of sets of pipes connected in parallel and series with a total length of 5 km. The system NPSHA at different water levels in the suction tank at the maximum system flow rate of 800 (m3/hr) has been calculated to ensure avoiding cavitations problem in the selected pump.